- ประโยค Active Voice ที่มีกรรม 2 ตัว (double objects) สามารถทำเป็น Passive Voice ได้ 2 แบบ
- The Headmistress gave me a prize. (Active Voice)
แบบที่ 1 I was given a prize by the Headmistress.
แบบที่ 2 A prize was given to me by the Headmistress.
- They showed us the palace where the Royal family lived. (Active Voice)
แบบที่ 1 We were shown the palace where the Royal family lived.
แบบที่ 2 The palace where the Royal family lived was shown to us.
แม้ว่าทั้ง 2 แบบ จะถูกต้องทั้งคู่ แต่ก็นิยมใช้แบบที่ 1 คือเอา Personal Object ซึ่งเป็นกรรมรองมาเป็นประธานของประโยค Passive Voice
Change the following sentences into the Passive Voice with a personal subject.
- They showed me a lovely necklace.
I was shown a lovely necklace.
- A friend lent me that pen.
I was lent that pen by a friend.
- I gave him a cake for his birthday.
He was given a cake for his birthday.
- Did he offer you the job I told you about ?
Were you offered the job you were told about?
- Did anyone send you the photographs ?
Were you sent the photographs?
- The teacher asked them a very difficult question.
They were asked a very difficult question by the teacher.
- His father promised him a bicycle if he passed the examination.
He was promised a bicycle by his father if he passed the examination.
- My friends told me the bad news this morning.
I was told the bad news by my friends this morning.
- The teacher taught him Italian.
He was taught Italian by the teacher.
- Jim bought me a novel last weekend.
I was bought a novel by Jim last weekend.
- ประโยคที่มี Question Words อยู่หน้าประโยคให้คงคำเหล่านั้นไว้หน้าประโยคเหมือนเดิม ยกเว้นคำว่า who ให้เปลี่ยนเป็น by whom นอกนั้นมีกฎการเปลี่ยนเหมือนเดิม
= What will you give me ?
= What will I be given by you ?
= Where did you see the snake ?
= Where was the snake seen ?
= When will you finish you essay ?
= When will you essay be finished ?
= Why did he punished children ?
= Why were his children punished?
= Who wrote ‘Oliver Twist’ ?
= By whom was ‘Oliver Twist’ written ?
= Which dress did you buy ?
= Which dress was bought by you ?